Movement Codes Explained
Updated 20 Jan 2009 by Editor, RussianWatchGuide.com
Coding System is a Remnant of the Old USSR
The movement codes used by Russian watch manufacturers were originally developed as a standardized system of codes set up in the USSR in the 1960s.
New codes are added as needed, but not all new, modern codes conform to the original standard.
Deciphering the Code (It's Not that Difficult)
The movement code describes the size and functions of the movement.
The first two digits of the code are the diameter of the movement in millimeters. The last two digits are a code that describes the features of the movement. (Sometimes the second part of the code has more than two digits.)
To completely decipher the code you will need a chart to match the two-digit code to a description of its functions. For that we refer you to the following chart at Russian Times. Russian Times also has good historical and technical information that is useful for collectors of vintage Russian watches.
Example: Let's look at the Raketa 2459. The "24" indicates that the movement is 24 millimeters in diameter. The "59" means that it is a quartz movement with a sweep second hand and a center moon phase function (this information comes from the chart).
The code is not unique to any particular manufacturer and watches from different brands may have the same code. This would indicate that the two movements are the same size and have the same functions. It does not mean that they are identical.
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